7 Ways Junk Food Makes Us Depressed, Angry, Overweight, and More

junk food, weight gain, angry, depressed

7 Ways Junk Food Can Make Us Depressed, Angry, Overweight, and More

Food is critical to our life. It impacts physical health, as well as mental health and development.

Junk food contributes significantly to the obesity epidemic in the U.S. and globally. 

Research shows that junk food, to put it bluntly, could also make us dumb. 

In some cases, it makes people sad, angry, or even depressed. 

Remember the commercials of the 1980s and 1990s that showed what our brains looked like while on drugs?



According to research, the same concept applies to our brains on junk food.

The Brain on Junk Food

The human brain has millions of neurons that operate 24/7, 365 days a year. 

Our bodies need to consume healthy foods regularly to maintain the neurons at optimum levels for the duration of their life. Not only do neurons require healthy foods, but the tissue that supports them needs it too. 

Listed below are seven ways junk food affects our brains, potentially damaging our cognitive abilities and neurological and mental health.


pizza, weight gain, weight loss, belly fat, fat

1. Junk Food May Impair Neurological Activity and Regulation


Junk food can impair neurons and perineuronal nets.

What are neurons?

According to the Queensland Brain Institute in Queensland, Australia, “neurons (also called neurones or nerve cells) are the fundamental units of the brain and nervous system, the cells responsible for receiving sensory input from the external world, for sending motor commands to our muscles, and for transforming and relaying the electrical signals at every step in between.” 

Perineuronal nets are clusters of cells that surround and support neuronal cells. Researchers discovered that these nets help protect and regulate neuron activity. They also assist with spatial memory and “cognition – including encoding, maintaining, and updating memories (1).

Medication, recreational drugs, nutrition (or lack of), and physical activity can influence perineuronal net structures (1a). Junk food damages the perineuronal nets by increasing inflammation and oxidative stress (2).

A healthy diet that includes anti-oxidative substances can reduce or prevent damage to these perineuronal cells and keep the brain healthy. On the contrary, a diet high in junk food can contribute to oxidative stress that damages the cells.


Atholpady | Dreamstime.com

In addition, junk food and overly processed foods can impair cognition and memory and possibly lead to brain shrinkage (3). Scientists revealed that specific regions in our brain slowly begin shrinking once we hit our 40s as part of the aging process. However, years of consistently consuming junk food and sugary beverages can speed up that shrinkage, aging our brain much faster (3a).

Junk food also interferes with memory-making synapses. A diet high in unhealthy foods can slow the process of building new synapses and lead to poor memory and impaired cognition (4).

A diet low in healthy fats like omega-3s and high in junk food reduces the generative powers of the neurons, reducing neurogenesis (i.e., the creation of neurons) (5).

People who eat vegetables, fruits, nuts, whole grains, legumes, healthy fats, and so forth may have higher protection against cognitive impairment and memory issues. Foods rich in antioxidants, minerals, vitamins, and phytonutrients provide nutrition to the brain and its supporting cells (6).

Article of Interest: Why You Should Eat Healthy Fat to Burn Fat and Lose Weight


children, learning, IQ, food, fast food


2. Junk Food May Lower IQ and Impair Cognitive Abilities in Children

Junk food lacks the nutrients for healthy brain development in babies, children, and adolescents. When the developing brain does not receive enough nutrients for optimal growth, the potential result is impaired IQ.

One study suggests that children who consume junk food regularly, may have slightly lower IQs than children who eat healthy food. This study also suggests that healthy food may slightly increase a child’s IQ (7).

Another study suggests that the dietary patterns of babies from 6 to 24 months old could, to some degree, affect their IQ at age 8 (8). Children who consume a lot of junk food may also be at an increased risk of developing cognitive disability and memory issues.

Similarly, people who consume too much junk food and processed foods may be more susceptible to dementia in their older years (9)

3. Junk Food Disrupts the Brain’s Reward System

The human brain has a reward and punishment system. Research shows that junk food stimulates the reward system. It makes the brain believe the person has done something great to receive the reward. The brain eventually grows accustomed to the rewarding stimuli effects of junk food (10). It could create a cycle where the person eats more junk food to stimulate the reward system.

Researchers from a 2017 study stated:

“Recent studies have highlighted the negative impact of these foods on brain function, resulting in cognitive impairments and altered reward processing. The increased neuroplasticity during adolescence may render the brain vulnerable to the negative effects of these foods on cognition and behavior.” (11)

Junk food provides a temporary high because of its effects on neurotransmitters that help regulate our moods. Dopamine is one of the feel-good hormones in the brain (12). Junk food promotes the release of this hormone as it is a component of the reward system.

Products high in added sugar give us a temporary high because it triggers serotonin. Serotonin is another neurotransmitter that helps regulate mood. It is known as the “happy hormone.”



Here’s the kicker: junk food companies know what chemicals to put in their foods to provide those temporary highs and make you addicted to them. They’ve spent millions of dollars researching the what’s and how’s to keep their consumers coming back for more. For example, a 2013 study showed that the added sugar chemical high fructose corn syrup was just as addictive as drugs.

When we strive to eat healthy foods most of the time, we help feed the beneficial or helpful bacteria in our gut. The beneficial bacteria in our gut can encourage healthy neurotransmitter production. Healthier neurotransmitter production could lead to longer lasting positive emotional and mental outcomes, including better mood regulation.


stop, impulsive, impulsivity


4. Junk Food May Increase Impulsivity

The prefrontal cortex in the brain regulates social behavior, impulses, and decision-making skills. This cortex must be mature to be fully functional. Teenagers typically have lesser control over their actions and responses because their prefrontal cortex has not fully matured. Research shows that junk food negatively impacts the prefrontal cortex, delaying its maturation.

Therefore, consuming excessive amounts of junk food consistently can increase impulsivity, even into adulthood (13). This impulsivity increase can impair decision-making and reasoning abilities.

5. Junk Food May Increase Anxiety and Restlessness

Donuts, candy bars, cookies, cakes, and other highly refined carb foods contain higher amounts of sugar. A diet high in sugary foods and beverages leads to altered sugar levels in the blood that could cause anxiety and restlessness (14). It is one of the most unusual effects of junk food on physical and mental health.

While the results are mixed, several studies suggest a potential link between certain food dyes and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in some children (especially those with a sensitivity to food dyes) (15).

Red dye 40, a common food color additive, is potentially linked to food intolerances and behavioral conditions such as ADHD in children (16). It is in soda, some protein powders, energy and sports drinks, some dairy products, gelatins, candy, chewing gum, packaged snacks, condiments, and confections (17).


6. Junk Food May Increase Aggression and Promote Violent Behavior

It’s no secret that junk food is high in salt, added sugars, unhealthy fat, and other ingredients with hard-to-pronounce names. Some contain additives that may promote aggression. Researchers discovered a link between the ingredients in junk food and aggressive and violent behaviors.

Science.org reported on a 10-year study that analyzed the long-term effects of consuming sugar. The study revealed that children who ate junk food high in sugar on a daily basis were more likely to commit violent crimes as adults. 

The IndiaTimes and ThatSugarMovement reported on researchers who analyzed data gathered by the World Health Organization regarding the effects of sugar on children. The data came from hundreds of thousands of children aged 11 to 15 in 26 industrialized countries. 

Researchers learned that regardless of different factors (e.g., country, household income, gender, etc.), sugar appeared to influence the children’s behavior. They observed that the more sugar the children consumed (especially sugary beverages), the more likely they were to engage in violent or risky activities. 

The researchers concluded: 

Findings suggest that unhealthy nutrition such as the intake of large quantities of sugary drinks and sweets and chocolates could be seen as a “red flag” signaling potential involvement in multiple risk behaviors.

Even though the research suggested a link between sugar intake (especially sugary beverages) and the promotion of violent or risky behavior, some experts suggest more research is needed to “prove a direct cause and effect relationship” between the two.

Stephanie Small from StephanieSmallHealth.com highlighted several studies that showed an increase in aggressive and violent behavior in adolescents whose diets were high in junk food and sugary beverages (e.g., soda). She also referenced a study that showed violent behaviors dropping by 37 percent in one prison when inmates were given multivitamins and omega-3 supplements.



Junk and overly processed foods are low in nutritional value and high in empty calories. They lack the vitamins, minerals, fiber, and omega-3 fatty acids necessary for regulating mood. They may also rob the body of nutrients it already has, further lowering those nutrient levels.

For example, the chemicals in soda could block the absorption or bind to minerals like magnesium, calcium, and zinc, thus, lowering their levels in the body. These minerals have hundreds of functions, and regulating mood is one of them.

Crime Times reported on a study that identified hyperactivity as “a strong risk factor for criminality.” The study also linked hyperactivity to nutritional deficiencies and food intolerances (18). Recent studies, including experts, have also suggested that micronutrient deficiencies (e.g., vitamins, minerals, and omega-3s) may play a role in hyperactivity in teens and adolescents (18a).

Researchers who reviewed several studies regarding dietary patterns and violent behaviors suggested nutritional reform to tackle the harmful effects of junk food and food intolerance on the brain and body (19).

7. Junk Food May Increase Depression Risk

Diets high in unhealthy food can lead to many health problems, including obesity, gastrointestinal problems, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, and inflammation (20). As we’ve learned, unhealthy food also takes a toll on mental health.

People who rely on junk food and overly processed food to meet their physical hunger needs may increase their depression risk. They may experience more depressive symptoms than people who do not consume junk food on a regular basis (21).

Several studies, including a 2019 study published in International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition proposed that “poor mental health is linked with poor diet quality — regardless of personal characteristics such as gender age, education, age, marital status and income level.”

Growing evidence suggests healthy, wholesome foods with micronutrients like omega-3, b-vitamins, amino acids, and minerals (e.g., zinc) may help combat depression (22). However, more research is needed.

Added sugar can induce stress through different mechanisms that increase inflammation in the brain and body. According to the evidence available, chronic inflammation may be a key contributor to depression.

A diet heavy in added sugars may also deplete the body of b-vitamins, including b1 (23). Studies have shown a correlation between B-vitamin deficiencies and some mental conditions. 

For example, experts have suggested severe B12 and B9 (also known as methyl folate) deficiencies may contribute to bipolar disorder and manic depression. Additionally, a severe deficiency in B6, B8, B9, and B12 may be linked to schizophrenia (24).

Final Thoughts

The body needs an adequate supply of nutrients to support the thousands of activities that occur in the brain at any given moment. Unhealthy foods do not provide the vitamins, minerals, and other phytonutrients essential for healthy brain function.

The impact of junk food on the brain and mental health justifies the name given to “JUNK” food. Avoiding such food can be difficult because of our modern lifestyle; however, it is recommended to minimize consumption because of its effects on our physical and mental health.

I am sure you read all this and said to yourself, “okay, I get it. Junk food is bad for my brain, so I must avoid my favorite foods forever?!”

While health experts would like to say, “yes, you are correct,” they also understand that we are only human. 

It is almost impossible to eliminate junk food from the diet for most people (myself included).

For this reason, many experts believe in the 80/20 approach. It is practical because it allows wiggle room for our favorite snacks and foods. The 80/20 concept requires the consumption of healthy foods 80 percent of the time while allowing for unhealthy consumption 20 percent of the time. In this way, we do not feel deprived.

Our goal should be to eat healthy, whole, minimally processed foods most of the time because they help fuel our bodies and brains!

If you found this article, would you consider sharing it? We’d greatly appreciate it!



(1a) Trends in Neurosciences; Volume 42, Issue 7, July 2019, Pages 458-470
Perineuronal Nets: Plasticity, Protection, and Therapeutic Potential; Amy C.Reichelt1, Dominic J.Hare, Timothy J.Bussey, Lisa M.Saksida

(2) Perineuronal Nets: Plasticity, Protection, and Therapeutic Potential; Reichelt AC, Hare DJ, Bussey TJ, Saksida LM (2019) Cell. 2019 June; doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2019.04.003; https://www.fabresearch.org/viewItem.php?id=12718

(2) Verified News Explorer Network; Bad diets making for bad memories; March 20, 2022; https://vnexplorer.net/bad-diets-making-for-bad-memories-s738825.html

(3) The Role of Sugar in Brain Shrinkage; SFGate.com | Healthy Eating By Sara Ipatenco; https://healthyeating.sfgate.com/role-sugar-brain-shrinkage-11585.html

(3) Junk Food Is Literally Shrinking Your Brain; By Munchies Staff; September 18, 2015

(3) Does junk food shrink your brain? | Deakin University
Associate Professor Felice Jacka; September 11, 2015; https://www.deakin.edu.au/about-deakin/news-and-media-releases/articles/does-junk-food-shrink-your-brain

TRALEE PEARCE; SEP 15, 2015; https://www.canadianliving.com/health/nutrition/article/junk-food-may-be-shrinking-your-brain

Susan Hunter; June 2019; https://www.susanhunter.com.au/articles/2019/6/27/eating-junk-food-is-literally-shrinking-your-kids-brainnbsp

(3a) The effect of sugar on the brain? Glucose rush shrinks brain cell powerhouse | Yale University | Yale News
By Karen N. Peart; February 25, 2016; https://news.yale.edu/2016/02/25/sugar-rush-shrinks-brain-cell-powerhouse

(3a) Sugar and the Brain; Harvard Medical School | The Harvard Mahoney Neuroscience Institute
Scott Edwards; Spring 2016; https://hms.harvard.edu/news-events/publications-archive/brain/sugar-brain

(3a) Which Area of the Brain Is Most Susceptible to Shrinkage as We Age?; By WebMD Editorial Contributors
Reviewed by Dan Brennan, MD on March 23, 2021; https://www.webmd.com/healthy-aging/which-area-of-the-brain-is-most-suscepitble-to-shrinkage-as-we-age

(3a) Jun. 10 2021 | Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health | Columbia University
Changes That Occur to the Aging Brain: What Happens When We Get Older

(3a) Postgrad Med J. 2006 Feb; 82(964): 84–88.; Ageing and the brain; R Peters; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2596698/

(4) Verified News Explorer Network; Bad diets making for bad memories; March 20, 2022; https://vnexplorer.net/bad-diets-making-for-bad-memories-s738825.html

(4) Med. News; Junk food impairs memory, study says; September 21, 2019; https://med.news.am/eng/news/23714/junk-food-impairs-memory-study-says.html

(4) Sarah Gingell Ph.D.; Brief Exposure to Junk Food Affects Appetite and Memory
New research shows that hippocampal function is reversibly impaired by poor diet; Posted February 21, 2020

(4) Front Behav Neurosci. 2017; 11: 19; Palatable Hyper-Caloric Foods Impact on Neuronal Plasticity
Jean-Pascal Morin, Luis F. Rodríguez-Durán, et al.; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5306218/

(5) ScienceDaily.com; Fish oil may stall effects of junk food on brain; Date: May 14, 2013; Source: University of Liverpool

(6) NPJ Sci Food. 2017; 1: 7.; Food for thought: how nutrition impacts cognition and emotion
Sarah J. Spencer,corresponding author1 Aniko Korosi, et al.; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6550267/

(6) Nat Rev Neurosci. 2008 Jul; 9(7): 568–578.; Brain foods: the effects of nutrients on brain function; Fernando Gómez-Pinilla

(6) Harvard Health Publishing; Nutritional psychiatry: Your brain on food; March 26, 2020; By Eva Selhub MD, Contributing Editor

(7) NeuroscienceNews.com; Children’s Healthy Diets Lead to Healthier IQ; Psychology·August 7, 2012

Children’s Healthy Diets Lead to Healthier IQ

(7) J Epidemiol Community Health; 2012 Jul;66(7):624-8.; Are dietary patterns in childhood associated with IQ at 8 years of age? A population-based cohort study
Kate Northstone, Carol Joinson, Pauline Emmett, Andy Ness, Tomás Paus; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21300993/

(7) NDTV.com; Junk food ‘lowers child’s IQ; February 08, 2011; https://www.ndtv.com/offbeat-life/junk-food-lowers-childs-iq-447236

(8) Eur J Epidemiol. 2012 Jul;27(7):525-35; Dietary patterns at 6, 15 and 24 months of age are associated with IQ at 8 years of age
Lisa G Smithers 1, Rebecca K Golley, Murthy N Mittinty, et al.; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22810299/

(9) Healthline.com; These Foods Can Increase Your Alzheimer’s Risk; Written by George Citroner on April 28, 2020 — Fact checked by Michael Crescione

(9) MSN.com | This Diet Could Increase Your Dementia Risk, New Study Finds; Sarah Crow – Oct 29, 2021

(9) MedicalDaily.com; Junk Food Rots Your Brain, Increases Risk of Dementia
Aug 30, 2012 11:20 AM By Nikki Tucker; https://www.medicaldaily.com/junk-food-rots-your-brain-increases-risk-dementia-242256

(10) Neuropsychopharmacology volume 41, pages2977–2986 (2016)
Eating ‘Junk-Food’ Produces Rapid and Long-Lasting Increases in NAc CP-AMPA Receptors: Implications for Enhanced Cue-Induced Motivation and Food Addiction
Max F Oginsky, Paulette B Goforth, Cameron W Nobile, Luis F Lopez-Santiago & Carrie R Ferrario; https://www.nature.com/articles/npp2016111

(11) Birth Defects Res. 2017 Dec 1;109(20):1649-1658.; The impact of junk foods on the adolescent brain; Amy C Reichelt, Michelle M Rank; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29251841/

(12) Trends Cogn Sci. 2011 Jan; 15(1): 37–46.; Reward, dopamine and the control of food intake: implications for obesity
Nora D. Volkow,1 Gene-Jack Wang,2 and Ruben D. Baler1; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3124340/

(13) J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016 Jan;116(1):61-68.; Impulsivity and Fast-Food Consumption: A Cross-Sectional Study among Working Adults
Kimberly B Garza, Meng Ding, Justin K Owensby, Claire A Zizza; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26095434/

(14) Hafizurrachman et al. Kesmas: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional (National Public
Health Journal). 2021; 16 (1): 1-8; DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v16i1.4541; Junk Food Consumption and Symptoms of Mental Health – Problems: A Meta-Analysis for Public Health Awareness

Click to access 37634ec4867ff6963708a9eec8b5a701b736.pdf

(15) Psychology.com; Food Dyes and ADHD; Joel Nigg Ph.D.; Posted February 11, 2020

(15) WebMD | Food Dye and ADHD; Medically Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari, MD on August 19, 2021; https://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/childhood-adhd/food-dye-adhd

(15) Neurotherapeutics. 2012 Jul; 9(3): 599–609.; Artificial Food Colors and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Symptoms: Conclusions to Dye for
L. Eugene Arnold, Nicholas Lofthouse, and Elizabeth Hurt; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3441937/

(16) MedicalNewsToday; Is there a link between red dye 40 and ADHD?; Medically reviewed by Nicole Washington, DO, MPH — Written by Caitlin Geng on February 25, 2022

(17) International Association of Wellness Professionals; List of Foods with Red Dye 40; Suzanne Monroe; January 7, 2020; https://iawpwellnesscoach.com/red-dye-40-foods-list/

(17) Foods and drinks with Red Dye 40 to avoid; by Sandy C.; https://guiltyeats.com/2021/01/28/foods-and-drinks-with-red-dye-40-to-avoid/

(17) Healthline.com; Red Dye 40: Safety, Side Effects, and Food List; Written by Gavin Van De Walle, MS, RD on April 29, 2020 — Medically reviewed by Amy Richter, RD, Nutrition

(18) Crime Times Vol. 4, No. 3, 1998 Page 3&4; CAN TREATING FOOD ALLERGIES PREVENT ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR?; http://www.autismwebsite.com/crimetimes/98c/w98cp5.htm

(18a) Iron, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Zinc Deficiencies in Children Presenting with Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Amelia Villagomez1,* and Ujjwal Ramtekkar2
Children (Basel). 2014 Dec; 1(3): 261–279.

(18a) ADHD & Nutrient Deficiency; Dr. Craig Eymann, DC; posted: Jan. 25, 2018; http://www.drcraig-chiropractor.com/

(18a) 4 Specific Nutrient Levels To Test If Your Child Has ADHD Symptoms
BY: NICOLE BEURKENS; FEBRUARY 20, 2018 | Holistic Child Psychology

(18a) International Society for Orthomolecular Medicine; Volume 37, Number 1, 2022; Micronutrient Deficiencies in ADHD: A Global Research Consensus

Micronutrient Deficiencies in ADHD: A Global Research Consensus

(18a) Does Nutrition Play a Role in ADHD?; Written by Freydis Hjalmarsdottir, MS on January 30, 2020 — Medically reviewed by Atli Arnarson BSc, PhD

(18a) Front. Psychiatry, 26 February 2020; Sec.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Micronutrients and Diets in the Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Chances and Pitfalls
Klaus W. Lange; https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00102/full

(18a) European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry volume 30, pages1449–1462 (2021)
Maternal serum Vitamin B12 and offspring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); Andre Sourander, Sanju Silwal, Subina Upadhyaya,

(18a) psychcentral
Is There a Link Between Amino Acid and Other Nutritional Deficiencies and ADHD?
Medically reviewed by Nicole Washington, DO, MPH — Written by Gia Miller — Updated on August 11, 2021

(18a) A FUNCTIONAL MEDICINE APPROACH|FEBRUARY 11, 2022; 6 Common Nutrient Deficiencies Linked to ADHD; by Dr. Kate Henry, ND

(18a) Is ADHD Caused By Nutrient Deficiencies?; Jess Sherman, FDNP, RHN, PHN; https://www.jesssherman.com/blog/is-adhd-caused-by-nutritional-deficiencies

(19) You may be what you eat, can you be violent due to your food?; July 2019 Authors; Dorothy Du RMIT University

(20) Am J Lifestyle Med. 2018 Sep-Oct; 12(5): 375–381.; The Hidden Dangers of Fast and Processed Food*; Joel Fuhrman, MD; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146358/

(20) Department of Health – Western Australia | Health Information for Western Australians – Junk food

(20) MedicalNewsToday; Is fast food bad for you? All you need to know about its nutrition and impacts; Medically reviewed by Jerlyn Jones, MS MPA RDN LD CLT, Nutrition — Written by Timothy Huzar on December 17, 2021; https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324847

(20) Nib.com | A little junk food is fine, right?; By Jemma O’Hanlon
We look at why junk food is bad for our health; 14 November 2021; https://www.nib.com.au/the-checkup/why-is-junk-food-bad

(20) SouthGate Medical – Australia | The Bad Effects Of Eating Junk Food; https://southgatemedical.com.au/the-bad-effects-of-eating-junk-food/#:~:text=1%20Junk%20food%20high%20in%20sodium%20can%20lead,which%20raise%20LDL%20cholesterol%20levels%20More%20items…%20

(20) HealthLine: The Effects of Fast Food on the Body; Medically reviewed by Natalie Butler, R.D., L.D. — Written by Ann Pietrangelo — Updated on September 17, 2018

(21) Public Health and Nutrition; Fast-food and commercial baked goods consumption and the risk of depression

(21) Columbia University Irving Medical Center; Junk Food May Increase Depression Risk
NewsJuly 29, 2015; https://www.cuimc.columbia.edu/news/junk-food-may-increase-depression-risk

(21) Dr. Weil; Can Junk Food Cause Depression?; ANDREW WEIL, M.D. | APRIL 5, 2011

(21) The Guardian; Eating junk food raises risk of depression, says multi-country study
Denis Campbell Health policy editor; Tue 25 Sep 2018; https://www.theguardian.com/society/2018/sep/26/eating-junk-food-raises-risk-of-depression-says-multi-country-study

(21) RecoveryWays; Eating Junk Food Increases Your Risk Of Depression; https://www.recoveryways.com/rehab-blog/eating-junk-food-increases-your-risk-of-depression/

(22) NPR.org; Changing Your Diet Can Help Tamp Down Depression, Boost Mood; ALLISON AUBREY; RHITU CHATTERJEE; October 9, 2019

(22) Indian J Psychiatry. 2008 Apr-Jun; 50(2): 77–82.; Understanding nutrition, depression and mental illnesses
T. S. Sathyanarayana Rao, M. R. Asha, B. N. Ramesh, and K. S. Jagannatha Rao; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2738337/

(22) FoodFortheBrain.org | Depression; Researched by: Dr Emma Weymouth, PhD (Psychology), Nutritional Therapist; Technically Reviewed: Alice Benskin, MSc Personalised Nutrition;
Published: October 2021; https://foodforthebrain.org/condition/depression/

(22) NeuroSpa | Food and Depression: The Best Diet to Manage Depression; By: W. Nate Upshaw, MD; March 25, 2020

Food and Depression: The Best Diet to Manage Depression

(22) VeryWellMind.com | Foods to Help Fight Depression; By Jodi Clarke, MA, LPC/MHSP; Updated on May 11, 2020; Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD; https://www.verywellmind.com/foods-for-depression-4156403

(22) The Association of UK Dieticians; Depression and diet: Food Fact Sheet; February 2021; https://www.bda.uk.com/resource/depression-diet.html

(22) EatingWell.com | Study Finds Healthy Diet Can Reduce Depression in As Little As Three Weeks
Australian researchers took a deeper look in to what a good nutrition can do for your mental health.
Jessica Ball, M.S., RD; Reviewed by Dietitian Lisa Valente, M.S., RD; October 18, 2019

(23) What Are the Vitamin B Robbers?; By Don Amerman; Updated December 27, 2018; https://healthyeating.sfgate.com/vitamin-b-robbers-3356.html

(24) Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 2012; 6: 2; Mood disorder with mixed, psychotic features due to vitamin b12 deficiency in an adolescent: case report
Ali Evren Tufan, Rabia Bilici, Genco Usta, and Ayten Erdogan; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3404901/

(24) Prim Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry. 2007; 9(3): 238; Vitamin B12 Deficiency Manifested as Mania: A Case Report
German Jorge Gomez-Bernal, M.D.1 and Milagros Bernal-Perez, Ph.D.2; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1911186/

(24) Vitamin B-12 and depression: Are they related?; What’s the relationship between vitamin B-12 and depression?; Answer From Daniel K. Hall-Flavin, M.D.

(24) Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 2012; 6: 25.; Mood disorder with mixed, psychotic features due to vitamin b12 deficiency in an adolescent: case report
Ali Evren Tufan,corresponding author1,5 Rabia Bilici,2 Genco Usta; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3404901/

(24) Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2013 Nov;47(11):1013-8; Epub 2013 Aug 22. One-carbon metabolism and bipolar disorder

(24)J Psychopharmacol. 2005 Jan;19(1):59-65; Treatment of depression: time to consider folic acid and vitamin B12
Alec Coppen 1, Christina Bolander-Gouaille; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15671130/

(24) J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2007 Mar; 32(2): 80–82; Folate and depression—a neglected problem; Simon N. Young; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1810582/

(24) Understanding nutrition, depression and mental illnesses; T. S. Sathyanarayana Rao, M. R. Asha; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2738337/

(24) Vitamin B12 Levels and Psychiatric Symptomatology: A Case Series; Naveen Jayaram, M.B.B.S., M.D., Mukund G. Rao, M.B.B.S., M.D., Aniruddh Narasimha, M.B.B.S

(24) Psychiatric symptoms; https://stichtingb12tekort.nl/english/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-of-b12-deficiency/

(23) Annals of Long-Term Care – Vitamin B12 and Psychiatric Illness; Samia Sabeen, MD, MPH, and Suzanne Holroyd, MD; Posted March 2009

(24) Other Therapies for Bipolar Disorder -B-Complex Vitamins – MentalHelp.net; https://www.mentalhelp.net/bipolar/treatment/other/

(24) Vitamins That Boost Mental Health – It’s more than just what’s in your head; Posted August 28, 2020; Elizabeth Dixon, LISW-CP, The Flourishing Family

(24) By The Recovery Village, Editor Megan Hull, Medically Reviewed By Kevin Wandler, MD
Updated on 08/05/21; https://www.therecoveryvillage.com/mental-health/depression/related/vitamins-for-depression/

(24) What to Know About Vitamins and Mental Health; Medically Reviewed by Dan Brennan, MD on March 25, 2021; https://www.webmd.com/vitamins-and-supplements/what-to-know-about-vitamins-and-mental-health

(24) Schizophrenia and Vitamin B – Office for Science and Society; Separating Sense from Nonsense – McGill University; https://www.mcgill.ca/oss/article/science-science-everywhere/schizophrenia-and-vitamin-b

(24) Vitamins, Supplements That May Help With Schizophrenia; By Hallie Levine; Medically Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari, MD on December 17, 2020

(24) B Vitamins and Mental Health – Behavioral Nutition; Jul 8, 2020; Living Healthy, Nutritional Therapy; https://behavioralnutrition.org/b-vitamins-and-mental-health/

(24) Health Check: seven nutrients important for mental health – and where to find them; Jerome Sarris, Senior Research Fellow, The University of Melbourne, October 11, 2015

(24) Vitamin B12 Deficiency Masquerading as Clozapine-Resistant Psychotic Symptoms in Schizophrenia
Dhanya Raveendranathan, M.D., Lakshmi Shiva, M.B.B.S.; The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences

(24) Folate and vitamin B12 reduce disabling schizophrenia symptoms in some patients; Adding supplements to antipsychotic medication alleviated negative symptoms in patients with specific gene variants – NEWS RELEASE 6-MAR-2013; https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/674997

(24) January 22, 2019; B vitamins may benefit some patients with first-episode psychosis; Perspective from Joshua L. Roffman, MD, MMSc

(24)Vitamin B12 Deficiency in Resistant Schizophrenia in TropicsThirunavukarasu Kumanan1, Naveen Thomas2, Selladurai Pirasath1 – 1University Medical Unit, Teaching hospital, Jaffna, Sri Lanka.
Vol.4 No.3, March 2017; https://www.scirp.org/journal/paperinformation.aspx?paperid=74684

(24) Low B12 Seen in Aging, Autism and Schizophrenia; By Christopher Wanjek February 10, 2016; https://www.livescience.com/53675-vitamin-b12-aging-autism-schizophrenia.html
Neurons and Neural Activity; Posted on May 5, 2021; by Muhammad Al-Rajabi; https://en.field-guide.org/tfg_guide/neurons-and-neural-activity/

Prefrontal Cortex | ScienceDirect; https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/prefrontal-cortex

Prefrontal Cortex | Science of Psychotherapy; by SoP; Jan 4, 2017; https://www.thescienceofpsychotherapy.com/prefrontal-cortex/

Editorial: Impact of Diet on Learning, Memory and Cognition; Front. Behav. Neurosci., 19 May 2017
Amy C. Reichelt1, R. Fred Westbrook and Margaret J. Morris; https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00096/full

Neuroscience. 2005;134(3):737-44. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2005.04.043.; Daily bingeing on sugar repeatedly releases dopamine in the accumbens shell; P Rada, N M Avena, B G Hoebel; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15987666/

Pak J Pharm Sci. 2016 May;29(3):757-63.; Effects of sugar rich diet on brain serotonin, hyperphagia and anxiety in animal model of both genders
Qurrat-ul-Aen Inam, Huma Ikram, Erum Shireen, Darakhshan Jabeen Haleem; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27166525/

Verywell Mind; Why You Self-Medicate With Carbs and Sugar During Depression; By Nancy Schimelpfening Updated on March 25, 2020
Medically reviewed by Amy Morin, LCSW; https://www.verywellmind.com/why-do-i-crave-carbs-1065212

The Link Between Sugar And Depression: What You Should Know | Psychology Today; David DiSalvo, Neuronarrative; Posted September 2, 2017

Added Sugars and Depression? There’s a Link, According to This New Study; Maggie Ryan; December 30, 2019

Added sugars drive nutrient and energy deficit in obesity: a new paradigm; James J DiNicolantonio, Amy Berger; https://openheart.bmj.com/content/openhrt/3/2/e000469.full.pdf

December 18, 2019; Avoid Sweets to Stave Off the Holiday Blues, Study Says; Tom Greenhalgh; Pscychiatry Advisor

Avoid Sweets to Stave Off the Holiday Blues, Study Says

Why added sugars may trigger depression symptoms; MyMed.com; Written by: Nicole Mitton; https://www.mymed.com/health-wellness/nutrition-and-weight-loss/why-added-sugars-may-trigger-depression-symptoms

Int J Angiol. 2014 Dec; 23(4): 217–226.; Oxidative Stress as a Mechanism of Added Sugar-Induced Cardiovascular Disease
Kailash Prasad, MBBS (Hons.), MD, PhD, FRCPC, FACC, FICA, FIACS1 and Indu Dhar, PhD2; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4244242/

Int Neurourol J. 2019 Nov; 23(Suppl 2): S63–71.; Inflammation as the Potential Basis in Depression; Sung Ho Maeng and Heeok Hong; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6905209/

Handb Exp Pharmacol. 2019;250:255-286; Role of Inflammation in Depression and Treatment Implications; Jennifer C Felger; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30368652/

Front Immunol. 2019; 10: 1696.; The Role of Inflammation in Depression and Fatigue; Chieh-Hsin Lee1 and Fabrizio Giuliani1,2,

How Inflammation And Depression Are Linked | Betterhelp.com; By Stephanie Kirby; https://www.betterhelp.com/advice/depression/how-inflammation-and-depression-are-linked/

Junk food leads to anger issues; By – Mumbai MirrorGitanjali ChandrasekharanCreated: Sep 14, 2014,

Can food make you angry?; Rebecca Hardy; Wed 24 Apr 2013; https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/wordofmouth/2013/apr/24/can-food-make-you-angry

You may be what you eat, can you be violent due to your food?; July 2019; Authors: Dorothy Du; RMIT University


Related posts